Gambling and Longitudinal Studies


Traditionally, gambling involves risking something of value (typically money) on an event that is unpredictable, with the intent to win something else of value. The game may be played with cards, dice, slot machines, video-draw poker machines or bingo. Bets may be placed on horse and dog races, football accumulators or other sporting events. Other types of gambling include lottery tickets, scratch-offs, keno and instant scratch-off games, and speculating on business or financial markets.

Many people enjoy gambling as a way to socialize or pass the time, but it can also be dangerous and addictive. If you feel like you are gambling too much, it’s important to seek help. The first step is admitting that you have a problem, which can be difficult, especially if you have lost significant amounts of money or strained relationships due to your gambling habits. But there are many resources available to support you, including family therapy and marriage and credit counseling.

Gambling is a complex behavior and it is not easy to determine which factors moderate and exacerbate gambling participation. One method that researchers use to explore these complex relationships is longitudinal research. Although not yet commonplace in gambling studies, longitudinal designs provide unique opportunities to investigate the relationship between risk-taking and harm. However, longitudinal designs pose numerous challenges, including funding, obtaining consent from individuals to be interviewed repeatedly over a long period of time, attrition, and confounding factors such as age and period effects.